For carrying out oil transportation, tankers of project 550A / 1577 (capacity of 5,000 tons), tankers of project 507AT (with a loading capacity of 5000 tons), tankers of the project HCR08 (capacity of 6000 tons) oil barges of the project P-27 (capacity 4609 tons), project P-43 ( carrying capacity of 9100 tons).
Since 2010, the company has been building new tankers with a loading capacity of 5,000 tons, with double bottom and double sides, designed to carry diesel fuel, fuel oil, as well as other petroleum products and crude oil. Oil tankers are built taking into account the requirements of the International Conventions on the operation of oil tankers.
In 2014-2015, it is planned to put into operation 3 tankers of the project HCR08. Along with the construction of a new fleet, our company launched a modernization program for operating tankers and bringing them in line with the requirements of international conventions in terms of increasing the double bottom space in the period 2010-2014. By the navigation of 2015, the company's tankers will meet the requirements of the conventions, in terms of the presence and height of double sides and double bottom.
So what is crude oil? Raw oil(in other words, “black gold”) refers to hazardous flammable liquid cargoes, - combustible oily liquid with a characteristic odor and color, containing paraffinic, naphthenic and aromatic hydrocarbons, various organic substances, sulfur and acid-containing compounds. Crude oil is transported from production sites to oil refineries, where after special production processes occurring at high temperatures, light oil products (boiling away at temperatures up to 350 ° C) and dark ones (with a boiling point above 350 ° C) are obtained. For light include: gasoline, kerosene, ligroin. To the dark: gas oil, fuel oil and fuel oil products. Petroleum products have a large number of specific properties that significantly affect all stages of the transportation process and the design of the rolling stock.
The bulk of international oil transportation is carried out by tankers. Oil tanker , also known as oil tanker, is a merchant ship that is intended for the carriage of oil in bulk. Crude oil tankers are huge and usually transfer large amounts of crude crude from its production point to refineries. Modern tankers are gigantic vessels. The impressive dimensions are due to the economic “scale effect”. The cost of transporting one barrel of oil on ships is inversely proportional to their size. In addition, the number of crew members of a large and medium tanker is about the same. Therefore, giant ships significantly reduce transportation costs for companies. However, not all seaports are able to host a super-tanker. For such giants need deepwater ports.
Oil and petroleum products are loaded into tankers from the shore, and unloading is carried out using ship pumps and pipelines laid in tanks and along the deck. However, supertankers with a deadweight (the total weight of cargo that the ship receives) of more than 250 thousand tons, as a rule, simply cannot enter the port, being fully loaded. They are filled from offshore platforms and unloaded, pumping liquid contents to smaller tankers. Today, the seas and oceans of the world ply more than 4,000 tankers. Most of them are owned by independent shipping companies.